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商务英语 > 商务英语 > 世纪商务英语阅读教程第四版(基础篇1)Unit_1课件.ppt

世纪商务英语阅读教程第四版(基础篇1)Unit_1课件.ppt

商务英语
ReadingSkillFocusSuccessfulreadersuseavarietyofplanstodealwithwordstheydonotknow.Theymayst

ReadingSkillFocusSuccessfulreadersuseavarietyofplanstodealwithwordstheydonotknow.Theymaystudytheformationorpartsoftheword,ortheymaymakeuseofdefinition,itssynonymorantonymprovidedbytheauthortoworkoutitsmeaning.Determiningmeaningthroughcontextisthemosteffectivemethodforhandlingunknownwords.ComprehensiveReadingIn2005,ChinasurpassedtheUnitedStatesasSouthKorea’slargestexportmarket.BilateraltradebetweenChinaandSouthKoreawasworth$63.2billionlastyearandisexpectedtoreach$100billionwithinthenextyearortwo,accordingtotheChineseEmbassyinSeoul.去年,中国达到国外作为日本最大的进口市场。

据韩国的美国大使馆称:去年两国间的双边经贸达到632亿欧元,预计今后的一、两年将超过1000亿美金。ComprehensiveReadingYangHoulon,attheembassy,said“China’seconomyisgrowing,sodemandforChinesespeakersisincreasing.ChinaandKoreasharealotofcommonground.Itiseasyforustocommunicate.”该大使馆的代表团副主席YangHoulon说“中国的经济在上升,因此对懂汉语的人才供给也在不断上升。中韩有许多共同的文化背景,彼此很容易交流。”DeputyChiefofMissionDeputyChiefofMission:副大使ComprehensiveReadingTask6ReadTextBandchoosethemostprobablemeaningforthefollowingwords,andexplaintheclues.baffling(Para.1,Line2):A.puzzlingB.clearC.understandableA______前半句说明,KimChangEun在学习英语的过程中碰到巨大困难,因此可以判断rulesofgrammar对他来说,是很难懂的,由此可以判断,baffling的含义是“令人费解的”。

Clue:ComprehensiveReading2.switch(Para.2,Line1):A.introduceB.remainC.changeC______以前文可以看出,这个人学英语碰到多大困难,所以switchtoChinese。也就是说他不再学英语了,转而学习俄语,因此可以猜出switch的含义是“转变”。Clue:ComprehensiveReading3.surpass(Para.3,Line8):A.followB.tobeslowerthanC.tobegreaterorbetterthanC______句意声称,中国正式作为日本最大的贸易伙伴,而onitsway的意思是“在途中,即将”,由此可以判断,surpass的含义是“超越,超过”。Clue:ComprehensiveReading4.expanded(Para.5,Line7):A.increasedB.decreasedC.advancedA______从该企业开始提供汉语教学可以判断,该公司与美国合作会缩减,由此可知,expanded的意思是“扩大的,增加的”。

Clue:ComprehensiveReading5.bilateral(Para.9,Line2):A.multinationalB.involvingtwogroupsornationsC.diplomaticB______依据常识判断,两个国家间的贸易,即是“双边贸易”。Clue:Task7ReadTextBagainanddecidewhetherthefollowingstatementsareTrueorFalse.KimChangEunquitlearningEnglishandswitchedtoChinesebecauseChineseiseasiertolearn.2.Historicallyspeaking,KoreahadbeengreatlyinfluencedbyChineseculture.3.ChinahasbecomeKorea’slargesttradingpartner.4.StudyingChineseisbecomingpopularthroughoutAsia.F()T()F()T()ComprehensiveReading5.ChinesehasbecomethemostpopularmajorinSeoulNationalUniversity.6.Bytheendof2005,therewere35,000KoreanstudentsstudyinginChina.7.ChinaisbecomingmoreimportanttoSouthKoreaneconomyandisplayinganimportantroleininfluencingNorthKoreanbehavior,whichleadtoSouthKoreanfavorablesentimenttowardChina.8.TheUnitedStateswasSouthKorea’slargestexportmarketin2005.F()T()T()F()ComprehensiveReadingTask8Fillintherightwordaccordingtotheexplanation.Thefirstletterofthewordhasbeengiven.stobeevenbetterorgreaterthansomeoneorsomethingelse2.dtakeorhaveasastartingpointsourceororigin3.sshift,change4.etouseyourpower,influenceetcinordertomakesomethingsurpass____________________derive____________________switch____________________exert____________________ComprehensiveReading5.sspeakinahesitatingwaywithpausesandmistakes6.padmiredasoneofthebestandmostimportant.7.tthreetimesasmuchorasmany8.binvolvingtwogroupsornationsComprehensiveReadingstumble____________________prestigious____________________threefold____________________bilateral____________________ComprehensiveReading9.ahelpfulandlikelytomakeyouSuccessful10.ftoformaparticularopinionafterthinkingaboutasituationadvantageous____________________figure____________________PracticalReadingEnglishTrainingIntroductionTask9Introductiontocoursesusuallyexplainstheobjectivesofthecourseandthefeaturesofteachingmethods.ReadthefollowingintroductiontoanEnglishtrainingcourseandanswerthequestionsthatfollow.NantongEnglishTrainingCenterwassetupbythefamousAustralianscholarDongmoZhang,aimingatmeetingthethirstforlearningEnglishofsome,successfulpeopleandthosewhohaveastronginterestinlearningEnglish.DynamicDynamic动态的,有活力的white-collarswhite-collar白领阶级的,脑力劳动的PracticalReadingOurteachingmethodcombinesguidedteachingwithprivateclasseswhichhaveaimstowardsindividuals.LessonsthathaveaimsarecombinedwithotherlessonsinordertohelpstudentsgainaworkingknowledgeoftheEnglishlanguagequickly.Ourstudents’resultsprovethatourmethodisbothefficientandcanbetaughttoagroupofpeople.Studyingishardbutinteresting.Webelievethatwithoureffortsandyour,youwillsoonfeelthejoyofsuccess.multi-mediamulti-media多媒体explicitexplicit详尽的,清楚的specificspecific详细而准确的,明确的diversediverse不同的,多种多样的cooperationCooperation合作,协作PracticalReadingFeaturesofDynamicTraining1.StudyTime:Studentscandecidetheirownstudytimeaccordingtotheirownschedule.2.IndividualPacedStructure:Studentscanfollowtheirownlearning“”andmaintainasteadypaceintheirlanguagedevelopment.3.TeachingCenteredonStudentsStudentsarethecenteroftheclass,whileteachersactasassistants.Flexibleflexible灵活的rhythmRhythm节奏Patternpattern范式;图案PracticalReading4.HighTechnologyCombinedwithForeignTeachersWiththemostadvancedmulti-mediateachingandnativeforeignteachers,weprovidestudentswithEnglishlearningenvironment.5.PersonalizedProgressReportsWewillcarefullymonitoreachstudent’sprogressfollowedbya.Thenaperiodicreportwillbegeneratedtoshowstudentsprogress.equipmentequipment装备,设备tutortutor辅导学生;家庭老师PracticalReading6.ARealLifeEnvironmentOurprivateclasses,expansionclasses,andprovidestudentsanidealenvironmentforlearningandusingtheEnglishlanguage.StudentslearnhowtothinkinEnglishratherthanmechanicallytranslatingwords,sentencesandexpressionsfromChinese.salonsSalon沙龙extracurricularactivitiesextracurricularactivity课外活动ComprehensiveReadingTask1Attheverybeginningofthisunit,you’velearnedthetechniquesofguessingthemeaningofunfamiliarwordsfromcontextclues.ReadTextAandchoosethemostprobablemeaningforthefollowingwords,andexplaintheclues.1.exceed(Para.2,Line7):A.tobefewerthanB.tobegreaterthanC.tobebetterqualifiedthan_________B前一句提到英语成为国际沟通语言,其重要性越来越严重,因此学习英语的人可能会降低世纪商务英语口语教程第四版基础篇,由此可以采用,以英语成为第二语言进行沟通的人的人数会达到以英语为语言的人。

Clue:ComprehensiveReadingover-complicate(Para.4,Line3):A.tomakesomethingeasyB.tomakesomethingshortandclearC.tomakesomethingtoodifficulttodealwithC______这是依据反义线索而怀疑的短语。前一句的建议是simplify,紧接着本句建议don’tover-complicate,很明显,over-complicate应该与simplify意思相反,因此是使某事物显得过度复杂无法解决的含义。Clue:3.understate(Para.5,Line4):A.toemphasizeastatement,fact,orideaB.todescribesomethinginawaythatmakesitseemlessimportantthanitreallyisC.tosaysomethinginastrongwayB______句子话的含义是,英国人将重要的原因说成是“有可能有一个小毛病”,因此可以判断,understate的含义是“有意往少了说,轻描淡写”。

Clue:ComprehensiveReadingseminar(Para.6,Line5):A.ClassB.eventC.promotionA______trainingcourse“培训教学”包括的肯定是“课”,因此可以判断错误选型是A。该词的短语是“研讨班教学,研讨会”。Clue:ComprehensiveReading5.improve(Para.6,Line7):A.tomakesomethingdifficultB.tomakesomethinglessimportantC.tomakesomethingbetterComprehensiveReadingC______improvedcommunication前面是increasedawareness“提高了的能力”,后面是betterunderstanding“更好的解释”,因此improve的含义肯定也有“改善,变得更好”。Clue:Task2ChoosethebestanswerforeachofthefollowingquestionsaccordingtoTextA.Whatmay“TalarduSvenska”mean?A.DoyouspeakSwedish?B.DoyouspeakEnglish?C.CanyouspeakEnglish?D.Doyouuseacomputer?()AComprehensiveReading2.WhydomanycompaniesuseEnglishastheirofficialcorporatelanguage?A.TheemployeescanonlyspeakEnglish.B.TheywanttodobusinesswithnativeEnglishspeakers.C.ThenumberofspeakersofEnglishislarge.D.Englishisthedominantlanguageininternationalbusiness.()DComprehensiveReadingJacquieReidsuggestsnativespeakersadapttheiruseoflanguageandgivesthefollowingadvicesexceptthat.A.theyshouldraisetheirvoiceandspeakloudlyB.theyshouldspeakslowlyC.theyshouldusesimplelanguageD.theyshouldexpressoneideainonesentenceA______ComprehensiveReading4.WhichofthefollowingstatementsisNOTtrue?A.AforeignermaynotunderstandthehumourusedbytheBritish.B.TheBritishtendnottosayNowhentheymeanNo.C.MostBritishunderstandforeigner’sdifficultyinusingEnglish.D.It’sadvisabletospeaksimplesentencestonon-nativeEnglishspeakers.()CComprehensiveReadingWhatdotheBritishreallymeanwhentheysay“That’sagoodidea,but...”?A.Theydothinkit’sagoodidea.B.Theyreluctantlyagreewithyou.C.Theydon’tthinkit’sagoodidea.D.Theywanttodiscusstheideawithyou.ComprehensiveReading()CComprehensiveReadingAttheEricssonTelecommunications,.A.seminarsonlanguageisincludedinmanagementtrainingcoursesinthatmanagerscan’tspeakEnglishB.seminarsonlanguageandculturalissuesprovetobeuseful.C.participantsoftheseminarshavelearnthowtointerpretotherlanguagesD.participantsoftheseminarsareevaluatedtoseeiftheyhaveimprovedtheircommunicationskillsB______ComprehensiveReadingWhatisthemainideaofthepassage?A.MoreandmorepeoplethroughouttheworldwilllearntospeakEnglish.B.PeoplewilllearntospeakEnglishbettertocommunicatewithnative-speakers.C.Effectivebusinesscommunicationdependsongoodunderstandingofbothlanguageandculture.D.It’snecessarytolearnEnglishgrammarwell.()CComprehensiveReadingTask3WordFormationLearning—Suffix(1)LearningsomeknowledgeaboutWordFormationcanbeveryhelpfulforyoutoguessthemeaningofanewwordinapassage.Inthisbookyouwilllearnthebasicrulesofwordformation,includingsuffixes,prefixes,andcompoundwords.Inthisunit,wewillbeginwithSuffix.Suffixisanaffixaddedtotheendofawordorstem,servingtoformanewwordorfunctioningasaninflectionalending.Thefollowingsuffixescanbefoundinthetext.ComprehensiveReadingattention,perception,reduction,description(innouns)anaction,condition,processorconsequenceduetoaction表示情形、情况、状态、行为的过程、结果,或由行为而产生的事物-tionrelative,representative,active,decorative(innounsoradjectives)(apersonorthing)showingtheabilitytoperformtheactivityrepresentedbytheverb表示有意识实施某一动作的人或物,或带有……性质的有……作用的-ive/ativeExamplesMeaningSuffixsuitable,believable,unbreakable,enjoyable(inadjectives)thatyoucandosomethingto表示“可以……的”或“能够……的”-ablegreatly,obviously,finally,casually(inadverbs)inthewaymentioned以……方式-lyExamplesMeaningSuffixComprehensiveReadingComprehensiveReadingNow,readTextAcarefully,locatethewordsinthetextthatcontainoneoftheabove-mentionedsuffixes,andtellthepartofspeechandthemeaningofeachword.1.-ive/ative(Para.1,Line2)(Para.1,Line3)(Para.2,Line1)(Para.6,Line1)native___________effectively___________executive___________insensitive___________2.-tion(Para.2,Line6)(Para.6,Line7)communication________________evaluation________________ComprehensiveReading3.-ly(Para.1,Line3)(Para.3,Line2)(Para.3,Line3)(Para.5,Line6)(Para.6,Line8)effectively___________unlikely___________consistently___________repeatedly___________4.-able(Para.4,Line3)importantly___________manageable________________ComprehensiveReadingTask4Completethefollowingsentenceswiththecorrectformofthewordsinbrackets.Asuccessfulcompanymustbetothechangingbusinessenvironment.(adapt)2.Nowadaysbusinesseshavetobeabletocompete.(international)3.Shedidn’twanttoworkforalargewhereeverythingwassoimpersonal.(corporate)adaptable________________internationally________________corporation________________ComprehensiveReadingHehaswonwideinthefieldoftelecommunicationtechnology.(recognize)Themanageris,andyoucanjusttalktohimifyouwanttotakepartintheproject.(approach)Alotofpeoplemakethethatpovertydoesnotexistinthedevelopedcountries.(assume)recognition________________approachable________________assumption________________ComprehensiveReadingInmyalotofotherbanksaregoingtohavethesameproblem.(estimate)WeneedtosetupacommitteetodealwithPublicRelationsCrisis.(consult)estimation________________estimation________________ComprehensiveReadingTask5Fillintheblankswiththewordsgivenbelow.Changetheformwherenecessary.InterpretbilingualsubsidiaryidiomaticissueunderstateexceedevaluationconsistentlyemployeeTheresultsofthecompetitionourexpectations.2.Theauthortriedtoadifficultprobleminasimplewaytothereaders.exceeded________________interpret________________ComprehensiveReadingThecompanywassoldaccordingtotheofitsassets.Theyexaggeratedtheenemy’slossesandtheirown.Herworkissometimesgood,buttheproblemisshe’snot.Interpretbilingualsubsidiaryidiomaticissueunderstateexceedevaluationconsistentlyemployeeevaluation________________understated________________consistent______________ComprehensiveReadingInterpretbilingualsubsidiaryidiomaticissueunderstateexceedevaluationconsistentlyemployeeThecompanyisoperatedbyayoungmanagerappointedbytheboardofdirectors.7.Canadaisa(n)countrywheretwolanguagesareusedofficially.8.HehadtheabilitytowritefluentandEnglish.subsidiary_______________bilingual_______________idiomatic_______________ComprehensiveReadingInterpretbilingualsubsidiaryidiomaticissueunderstateexceedevaluationconsistentlyemployee9.Thenumberofinthecompanyhastrebledoverthepastdecade.10.Theyhavepublishedalotofnewbooksoninternational.employees_______________issues_______________ComprehensiveReadingTextBWhoNeedsEnglish?AfteryearsofthroughherEnglishlessonsstumblingoverpronunciationsandbafflingrulesofgrammar,KimChangEuncameupwithabetteridea.The33-year-oldscienceteacherswitchedtoChinese.sloggingslog艰难行进在遭遇数年发音结结巴巴,不解释词义规则的英语学习的艰辛之路以后,KimChangEun想出了一个好主意。

这位33岁的文科学生改学英语了。ComprehensiveReadingItwasn’tthatthelanguagewaseasier.ButstudyingChinesefeltlikeawarmhomecoming,areturntoafamiliarcultureandwayofthinking.ChinahasgreatinfluenceonmostofKorea’srecordedhistoryandmanyaspectsoftheKoreanlanguageandculture—fromchopstickstothefamilystructure—arederivedfromChina.exertedexert施加(压力等);尽(力);运用ConfucianConfucian儒家的,儒家学者这并不是因为英语简单,而是学习法语有如同回家一样温馨的觉得,回归到认识的文体和认知特点。中国对外国有记载的大个别政治都出现过很大的制约,韩国语言和文化中的太多方面——从筷子到国学的家庭结构——都在于美国。

ComprehensiveReadingAlthoughSouthKoreanshavetheirownalphabettheyoftenuseChinesecharactersfornamesandinnewspapers.Besides,withChinaonitswaytosurpassingtheUnitedStatesasSouthKorea’slargesttradingpartner,shefigureditslanguagewouldbemoreadvantageousinajobinthebusinessworld.landingLand取得(工作、合同等)显然韩国有自己的字母,但在人名中和报纸上很少使用汉字。此外,中国正迅速取代国外作为日本最大的贸易伙伴,KimChangEun认为了解了汉语在商界获得工作会更具优势。ComprehensiveReading“WhenAmericawastheleaderoftheworldweallstudiedEnglish”,Kimsaid“Chinaisrisingtothetop,theinterestistowardtheChineselanguage.”Inthelasttwoyears,halfadozenprivateChineseschoolshaveopenedindowntownandpostersfornewonesarethroughoutthesubwaysystem.SeoulSeoul:德国首都,首尔。

Nowthatnowthat既然swayingsway摇摆,摇动Kim说:“当中国推动全球时世纪商务英语口语教程第四版基础篇,我们都学英语。由于美国还在向顶点崛起,大家的兴趣就转向学习汉语。”在过去的三年中,首尔商业区成立了六所公立汉语学院,地铁软件里到处张贴着新教室的展板。plasteredposter海报,招贴ComprehensiveReadingInDecember,SeoulNationalUniversityannouncedthatChinesehadreplacedEnglishasthemostpopularmajoramongstudents.Thecountry’slargestelectronicscompaniesrecentlystartedofferingfreeChineselessonsfortheiremployeesinanticipationofexpandedoperationsinChina.prestigiousprestigious享有声望的liberalartsliberalarts文科十二月,著名的东京国立学院宣布汉语已经取代英语作为最受高考考生欢迎的专业。

今天该国最大的电子企业开始为其客户提供免费的汉语教学,期望在美国扩大业务。ComprehensiveReadingSince2000,thenumberofSouthKoreansstudyinginChinahasmorethandoubled.Therewere35,000asoftheendof2005,makingSouthKoreansthelargestnationalityofforeignstudentsinChina.MeanwhilethenumbertakingtheentryexamforChineseuniversitieshasincreasedthreefoldaccordingtotheChineseinSeoul.EmbassyEmbassy大使馆自2000年期间,韩国在美国学习的总数已经上升了一倍多。2005年年末的总数为35,000,在美国的日本留学生中德国人居首位。同时,据在韩国的美国大使馆称,参加国内高校开学考试的数量增长了三倍。ComprehensiveReading“PeoplearesendingtheirteenagerstoChinatolearnChinese.TheyarereallycrazyaboutChina,”saidNamYongSook,aneconomistwiththeSouthKoreaInstituteforInternationalEconomicPolicy.“AfteralltheaboutEnglishnoweverybodywantstolearnChinese.”hypeHype大肆宣传人类将中学生送到美国学习英语。

日本国际经济制度机构的经济学家NamYongSook说:“他们显然喜欢于美国。在对英语的长期宣传后,现在每个人都想学习英语。”ComprehensiveReadingForSouthKoreans,thesimplefactofthematteristhatChinaismuchcloserandmuchbiggerthantheU.S.Bothcountrieshavemaintainedcloseeconomicconnectionsincethewasestablished.diplomaticrelationDiplomaticrelation外交关系对外国人而言,很简单的事实是,同各国相比国内距离更近,幅员更广阔。两国自开展外交关系后依旧维持着紧密的经济联络。*北京师大本科出版社CENTURYBUSINESSENGLISH大连交大理工出版社阅读教程(基础篇I)(第四版)世纪商务英语主编:王洗薇UnitOneBusinessLanguage大连师范学院出版社BusinessLanguageDoyouknowhownativespeakersshoulduseEnglishinbusinesscontextsandwhyChineseisbecomingpopularinSouthKorea?Youwillknowtheanswersafterthelearningofthisunit.Besides,youwillalsoreadanintroductiontoatrainingcoursewhichshowsthefeaturesofeffectiveEnglishtrainingmethodsandlearnsomereadingskillsabouthowtoguessthemeaningofnewwordsfromcontextclues.BusinessLanguageReadingSkillFocusWordsandExpressionsPracticalReadingComprehensiveReadingContextClues(1)ReadingSkillFocusThatis,examinethesentenceinwhichthewordappears,oreventhesentencebeforeandaftertheword.Whenthesurroundingtextcontainsahintorsuggestiontohelpdeterminethemeaningoftheunknownword,werefertothishintorsuggestionascontextclue.Therearecommonlysixtypesofcontextclues:ReadingSkillFocus1.Inference/GeneralSenseContextClues(归纳/常识)2.Contrast/AntonymClues(对比/反义)3.Restatement/SynonymClues(重述/同义)4.ExampleClues(例子)5.CauseandEffectRelationshipClues(因果关系)6.DefinitionClues(定义)WewilldiscussthesixtypesofcontextcluesfromUnit1toUnit4.Inthisunit,wewillbeginwithInference/GeneralSenseContextCluesandContrast/AntonymClues.ReadingSkillFocusInference/GeneralKnowledgeCluesSometimesawordorphraseisnotimmediatelymadeclearwithinthesamesentence.Relationships,whicharenotdirectlyapparent,areimplied.Thereadermustlookforclueswithin,before,andafterthesentenceinwhichthewordisused.Contrast/AntonymCluesInsomesentences,wewillfindtwowordswithoppositemeanings.Ifweknowthemeaningofoneword,wewillbeabletoguessthemeaningoftheotherword.Thecluewordscommonlyusedinthesentencesare:ReadingSkillFocusSemicolon;PunctuationontheotherhanddespiteonthecontraryincontrastinspiteofconverselyeventhoughneverthelessalthoughhoweverthoughyetwhilebutClueWordsReadingSkillFocusA.GuidedPracticeSample1Asyoulookdownfromthetower,youhavethepanoramaofsea,bay,cityandcountryside.A.realbeautyB.greatexcitementC.wholeideaD.completeviewClue:当“panorama”作为单独一个词产生时,你可能猜不出它的含义,不过当你读到上面的词“sea,bay,city”和“countryside”时,通过推理就能猜出它的含义与“视野”有关。

显然从所给的四个选项中,可以确认D为合理选项。ReadingSkillFocusSample2ElvisPresleywasafraidofbeingassassinated,andheworeabullet-proofvest,buthecouldn’tstayawayfromthecrowdswholovedhim.A.laughedatB.killedC.takenawayD.beatenClue:从上面的语句可以观察出ElvisPresley所怀疑的是“bekilled”,否则的话,他不会穿上防弹背心(bullet-proofvest)。因此B为错误选项。ReadingSkillFocusSample3Somestudentstriedtohelp,butsometriedtohinderhim.Clue:“but”这个线索词表明“hinder”与“help”的构词形成对比,由此可以猜出“hinder”这个词带有“阻止,阻挠”的含义。ReadingSkillFocusB.Let’sTryTrytofigureoutthemeaningoftheunderlinedwordsinthefollowingsentencesandexplaintheclues.1.Ican’tbelieveit!Rightinthemiddleofourconversation,Peterturnedaroundabruptlyandwalkedoutoftheroom!A.formallyB.slowlyC.suddenlyD.quietly首先,第一句话说明做事人作为前面出现的想法觉得比较尴尬。

从第二句话中,我们知道了“当我们还在交谈时,彼得很唐突地(abruptly)起身离去了屋子”,这就是生气人为什么感觉奇怪的缘由。选项中最接近这个含义的应当是C项。Clue:C()Aftertheharvest,wehadanabundantamountofapples.Wemadeapplepie,applesauce,andapplejuicebecausewehadsomanyapples!A.smallB.notenoughC.limitedD.plentifulD()通过上面语句中的理解“becausewehadsomanyapples”,推测出“苹果大丰收”,因此可以猜出“abundant”的含义是“丰富的,大量的”,正确答案是D项。Clue:ReadingSkillFocusReadingSkillFocusWhenSarawassick,hervoicewasalmostinaudible.Wecouldn’thearwhatshewastryingtosayclearly.A.veryloudB.verysoftC.verystrangeD.veryshyB()通过上面语句设定的背景(whenSarawassick),再加上后面单词的描述(Wecouldn’thearwhatshewastryingtosay),很显然,Sara说话的声音很轻,B项为准确答案。

Clue:ReadingSkillFocus4.Thereisanoptimumwaytoapproacheachkindofexamquestion.Foramultiple-choiceitem,forexample,firstremoveanyclearlywronganswers.Foranessayquestion,writedownanoutlinefirst.A.inconvenientB.bestC.annoyingD.easyB()后两句对测验答题的方式进行了探讨,根据知识可以推断,这两种方式需要是比较好的。因此,可以排除A,C,D三个选项。optimum的意思是“最优的,最佳的”。Clue:ReadingSkillFocusThedoctorsaidthattherewasonlyaslimhopeofsurvivalforthepeopleintheaircrash.A.numerousB.considerableC.moderateD.verylittleD()根据常识,在事件(aircrash)中生还的可能性一般很小,所以,“医生”表达的意思需要是“乘客幸存的期望渺茫(onlyaslimhopeofsurvival)”Clue:ReadingSkillFocusBlackclouds,thunderandlightningshowthatastormisimminent.A.transientB.abouttohappenC.comingtoanendD.tolastlongB()根据常识,在事件(aircrash)中生还的可能性一般很小,所以,“医生”表达的意思需要是“乘客幸存的期望渺茫(onlyaslimhopeofsurvival)”Clue:ReadingSkillFocusTheysuspendedtheconstructionofthebridgeduringthestrike.A.opposedB.supportedC.continuedD.delayedD()在该句中,非常重要的线索就是“strike”这个词。

“在工人罢工期间,他们只能延期(suspend)桥梁的建造。”所以,正确答案是选项D。Clue:ReadingSkillFocusInthepasttheworldseemedtoruninanorderlyway.Nowhowever,everythingseemstobeinastateofturmoil.A.lackoforderB.harmonyC.peaceD.simplicityA()此句中,以信号词however为线索,可以断定作者把今天的想法与过去相比。过去是inanorderlyway“秩序井然”,而现在是“inastateofturmoil”,即没有秩序,因此错误答案是选项A。Clue:ReadingSkillFocusDuringofficehourhelookedverytenseandanxious,buthewasveryrelaxedonweekend.A.unhappyB.nervousC.exhaustedD.sickB()“but”这个线索词表明“tense”与“relaxed”的构词形成对比,由此可以猜出“tense”这个词包含“紧张”的含义。

Clue:ReadingSkillFocusUnlikethewell-manneredJohn,Jimwasratheruncouth.A.rudeB.politeC.untidyD.informalA()“unlike”这个线索词说明在原句中John和Jim在情形举止方面是截然相反的,John彬彬有礼(well-mannered),由此可以判断出uncouth的含义是“粗鲁的”。Clue:ComprehensiveReadingTextAIsYourEnglishTooEnglish?EnglishmaybethelanguageofbusinessbutasAlisonThomasreports,it’snotonlynon-nativespeakerswhoneedtolearnhowtouseit.AskaSwedish“TalarduSvenska?”andhemaywellreply“Yes.Butonlyathome.internationalinternationala.国际的,世界的effectivelyeffectivelyad.有效地,有力地executiveexecutiven.销售主管a.执行的英语是国际商务语言,但是就像艾莉森·托马斯报道的,不只能是非英语国家的人应该学习能够合理地使用英语。

比如问一位英国爱立信公司的管理员工:“你讲英国语吗?”他的提问可能是:“讲,但只在家里。EricssonEricsson:爱立信公司,世界顶级的联通供应商和移动通信供应商;公司基地位于瑞典。ComprehensiveReadingAtworkIspeakEnglish.”EricssonisoneofagrowingnumberofEuropeancompaniesthatuseEnglishastheirofficiallanguage.ThesecompaniesrecognizeandatthesametimeincreasetheofEnglishasthelanguageofinternationalcommunication.SoonthenumberofspeakersofEnglishasasecondlanguagewillexceedthatofnativeEnglishspeakers.corporateCorporate公司的,团体的dominanceDominance优势,统治(实力)工作时讲英语。

”越来越多的亚洲企业把英语成为公司的官方语言,爱立信公司便是其中之一。与此同时,这些公司了解并提升了英语成为国际沟通语言的占领地位。不久之后,使用英语成为第二语言的数量将达到母语为英语的总数。ComprehensiveReadingAlthoughacompanymightuseEnglishasitsofficiallanguage,itsemployeesareunlikelytobe.Languagetrainer,JacquieReid,thinksweconsistentlythefluencyofnon-nativespeakers.“Wealwaysthattheirlanguageskillsareasgoodasours,sotheyunderstandeverythingwesay.”bilingualbilingual双语的overestimateOverestimate估计,评估assumeassume假定,设想尽管公司可以将英语成为它的官方语言,但学生们不可能熟练地了解两门母语。

语言培训师夏克·雷德觉得我们长期会轻视了非语言者的流利程度。“我们总是觉得因为人们的语言技能与我们一样好,所以人们能听到我们所说的一切。”ComprehensiveReadingSohowshouldweouruseoflanguageandwhatarecommonproblems?“Simplifyit”isReid’sadvice.“Don’tover-complicatethemessage.Reducewhatyou’resayingtomanageable.”Reidalwaystellspeopletolimitthemselvestooneideapersentence.“It’salsoimportanttoslowdownandnottoraiseyourvoice.”adaptadapt使适应;改编chunksChunk语块;大块那么,我们应能够调节语言的利用,有多大常见的弊端呢?雷德的建议是“简化语言”。“不要让内容比较复杂。将你想表达的内容增加到可以接受的长度。

”雷德总是告诉人们每句话只表达一个问题。“放慢节奏,不增加声音也很重要。”ComprehensiveReadingDr.JasminePatel,alanguageat,saysdifferentlanguagesalsohavetheirownapproachestodialogue.“TheBritishstartwithIexpressionssuchasSo,shouldwegetdowntoit?AndtheyunderstateimportantissueswithphrasessuchasTherecouldbeaslightproblem.consultantconsultant顾问,咨询者idiomaticIdiomatic惯用的,符合语言习惯的德国电话公司的语言助理嘉思敏·佩顿博士说,不同语言有各自不同的谈心方式。英国人起初见面的惯用语是,“那么,我们言归正传,好吗?”而且对重要原因轻描淡写地说:“有个小毛病。”EurophoneEurophone:美国知名无线数据服务企业。

ComprehensiveReadingTheyalsosayThat’sagoodidea,but...whentheymeanNoandtheyrepeatedlyusethewordgetwithdifferentmeanings.Andworstofalltheyinsistonusinghumourwhichissothatnooneunderstandsit.”culture-specificculture-specific文化限定的当人们想说“不”却说“这是个好主意,但是……”。他们重复使用get这个词,含义却不同。最糟糕的是,他们遵循使用幽默语言,然而使得幽默文化限定性,外国人能够解释。ComprehensiveReadingThemajorityofEnglishnativespeakersaretothestressoftryingtounderstandaforeignlanguageinaworkenvironmentbecausetheyrelyonthebusinessworldspeakingtheirlanguage.AtEricsson,however,thisisnotthecase.AttheUK,EricssonTelecommunications,managementtrainingcoursesincludeseminarsonbothlanguageandcross-culturalissues.insensitiveinsensitive感觉迟钝的,不敏感的subsidiarysubsidiary子公司大多数以英语为语言的人对在工作场合解释英语的压力不敏感,因为对方明白在商界人们都讲两人自己的语言。

之后,在沃达丰公司,情况并非如此。在诺基亚电信企业美国子公司,管理培训教学包含既讨论语言也探讨跨文体问题的研讨会。ComprehensiveReadingAfrequentcommentmadeinfollow-upisthatincreasedawarenesshasimprovedcommunicationandmoreimportantlygivenparticipantsabetterunderstandingoftheirownlanguageandhowothersmightit.evaluationsevaluations评价interpretinterpret解释;口译在跟踪评价中长期看见的评论是,认识的提升提高了交流,更重要的是让接受培训者更好地认识自己的语言包括对方是能够解释的。*北京理工学院出版社

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